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45. Comanchero

The Comancheros were traders based in northern and central New Mexico who made their living by trading with the nomadic Great Plains Indian tribes, in northeastern New Mexico, West Texas, and other parts of the southern plains of North America. Comancheros were so named because the Comanches, in whose territory they traded, were considered their best customers. They traded manufactured goods (tools and cloth), flour, tobacco, and bread for hides, livestock and slaves from the Comanche. As the Comancheros did not have sufficient access to weapons and gunpowder, there is disagreement about how much they traded these with the Comanche.
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50. Stomatosuchidae

(try and pronounce that!!)

An extinct family of neosuchian crocodylomorphs. It is defined as the most inclusive clade containing Stomatosuchus inermis but not Notosuchus terrestris, Simosuchus clarki, Araripesuchus gomesii, Baurusuchus pachecoi, Peirosaurus torminni, or Crocodylus niloticus. Two genera are known to belong to Stomatosuchidae: Stomatosuchus, the type genus, and Laganosuchus. Fossils have been found from Egypt, Morocco, and Niger. Both lived during the Cenomanian stage of the Late Cretaceous. The skulls of stomatosuchids are said to be platyrostral because they have unusually flattened, elongate, duck-shaped craniums with U-shaped jaws. This platyrostral condition is similar to what is seen in the "nettosuchid" Mourasuchus, which is not closely related to stomatosuchids as it is a more derived alligatoroid that existed during the Miocene.

Can't understand a word of this one, but at least he looks cool...

49. Ashkelon dog cemetery

The Ashkelon dog cemetery is a burial ground in the city of Ashkelon in Israel where possibly thousands of dogs were interred in the fifth to third centuries BC. The majority of the dogs were puppies; all had similarities to the modern Canaan Dog, perhaps representing the ancestral population from which the modern breed is descended. It is the largest known cemetery of this kind in the ancient world. Its discoverer suggests that it may have been the product of a religious cult focused on the reputed healing properties of dogs' saliva, and an otherwise obscure reference in the Book of Deuteronomy may refer to similar cultic activities in Jerusalem. Alternatively, it may have been the site of a facility for breeding dogs for trade in the Near East.

48. Jensen-Healey

The Jensen-Healey (1972–76) is a British two-seater convertible sports car, the best-selling Jensen of all time. In total 10,503 (10 prototypes, 3,347 Mk.1 and 7,146 Mk.2) were produced by Jensen Motors Ltd. in West Bromwich, England. A related fastback, the Jensen GT, was introduced in 1975.

Launched in 1972 as a fast, luxurious and competent convertible sports car, it was positioned in the market between the Triumph TR6 and the Jaguar E-Type. The 50/50 weight balance achieved by the use of the all alloy Lotus 907 engine led to universal praise as having excellent handling.

47. Bee Palmer

Beatrice C. "Bee" Palmer (11 September 1894 – 22 December 1967) was an American singer and dancer born in Chicago, Illinois.

Palmer first attracted significant attention as one of the first exponents of the "shimmy" dance in the late 1910s. She was sometimes credited as the creator of the "shimmy" (although there were other claimants at the time as well).

She first appeared in the Ziegfeld Follies in 1918.

She toured with an early jazz band, which included such notables as Emmett Hardy, Leon Ropollo and Santo Pecora in addition to pianist/songwriter Al Siegel (whom Palmer married). The band was called "Bee Palmer's New Orleans Rhythm Kings". With some personnel changes, the Rhythm Kings went on to even greater fame after parting ways with Palmer.

In 1921, an alleged affair with boxing champ Jack Dempsey created a scandal and a lawsuit.

She is credited as co-composer of the pop song standard "Please Don't Talk About Me When I'm Gone".

She made a few recordings which were not issued at the time (including a session with Frankie Trumbauer). Thanks to surviving test pressings/masters, the recordings were finally issued in the 1990s and 2000s.

46. Lerala

Lerala is a village in Central District of Botswana. The village is located at the south-eastern end of the Tswapong Hills, 30 km from the Limpopo River and the border with South Africa and approximately 90 km east of Palapye. The population of Lerala was 5,747 in 2001 census.

An Australian company, DiamonEx Limited, is planning to open a diamond mine 15 km north-west of the village. The mine also known as Martins Drift Diamond Project is scheduled to open early 2008 and will employ 230–290 people to produce an estimated 330,000 carats (66 kg) per year. Previously a joint company between De Beers and the Botswana government operated between 1998–2001 a smaller exploratory diamond mine at the same site.

44. Missouri Military Academy

The Missouri Military Academy (MMA) is a private preparatory school established on November 22, 1889, in Mexico, Missouri, U.S. It is a selective, all male, boarding school, grades 7 to 12. As a U.S. Army Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps Honor Unit With Distinction (as designated by the Department of the Army), it has the privilege of nominating cadets to the U.S. Military Academy, U.S. Naval Academy, U.S. Air Force Academy, and U.S. Coast Guard Academy.

44. The Rich-Tone Chorus

The Rich-Tone Chorus is an all-female, barbershop chorus, located in northern Texas in the United States. The group was founded in 1968 in the city of Richardson. The current musical director is Dale Syverson who has held that position since 1976.

The Rich-Tone Chorus is a chapter, located in Northern Texas, of a worldwide non-profit organization known as Sweet Adelines International. This is a group of over 30,000 women committed to advancing the musical art form of barbershop harmony through education and performance.

The members of the Rich-Tone Chorus range in age from 17 to 75 and come from all over the North Texas area. The membership is drawn from a cross-section of society, including accountants, doctors, engineers, homemakers, nurses and teachers.

The Rich-Tones' musical repertoire includes contemporary hits, big band, Broadway and American classics.

43. Battle of Elixheim

The Battle of Elixheim, 18 July 1705, also known as the Passage of the Lines of Brabant was a battle of the War of the Spanish Succession. The Duke of Marlborough successfully broke through the French Lines of Brabant, an arc of defensive fieldworks stretching in a seventy-mile arc from Antwerp to Namur. Although he was unable to bring about a decisive battle, the breaking and subsequent razing of the lines would prove critical to the allied victory at Ramillies the next year.

Early in the campaigning season, Marlborough attempted to launch an invasion of France up the Moselle valley. This effort was halted by a combination of supply shortages and an excellent French defensive position in front of Sierck, and Marlborough and his army were recalled by the Dutch States General when Marshall Villeroi attacked and took the fortress of Huy and threatened Liege. Having rushed back to the Low Countries (and forcing Villeroi to retreat behind his defenses), Marlborough retook Huy, and then planned to break through the lines to bring Villeroi to battle.

42. Amonafide

Amonafide (originally AS1413) (INN, trade names Quinamed and Xanafide) is a drug that is being studied in the treatment of cancer. It belongs to a novel family of chemotherapeutic drugs called Naphthalimides and is a potential topoisomerase inhibitor and DNA intercalator.

It is being developed as an anti-cancer therapy by Antisoma.[1]

As of 2008, it is in Phase III clinical trials. e.g. In March 2010 it is Phase III trial against secondary acute myeloid leukaemia (AML).[2] In June 2010, it gained an FDA Fast Track Status for the treatment of Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukaemia.

41. Volunteer Point

Volunteer Point is a headland on the east coast of East Falkland, in the Falkland Islands, to the north north east (as the crow flies) of Stanley, and east of Johnson's Harbour and Berkeley Sound.

It is at the end of a narrow peninsula, which protects Volunteer Lagoon. At its landward end is Volunteer Shanty, a well maintained outhouse, which was used by trekkers until a few years ago.

40. Balthazar

Saint Balthazar; also called Balthasar, Balthassar, and Bithisarea, was according to tradition one of the biblical Magi along with Gaspar and Melchior who visited the infant Jesus after he was born. Balthazar is traditionally referred to as the King of Arabia and gave the gift of myrrh to Jesus. In the Western Christian church, he is regarded as a saint (as are the other two Magi).

39. The Bodmin & Wenford Railway

The Bodmin & Wenford Railway (BWR) is a heritage railway, based at Bodmin in Cornwall, England. It has an interchange with the national rail network at Bodmin Parkway railway station, the southern terminus of the line.

The Great Western Railway opened its branch line from Bodmin Road to Bodmin General 27 May 1887, and on 3 September 1888 a junction line was opened to connect with the Bodmin and Wadebridge Railway which had opened its line from Bodmin North to Wadebridge in 1834. The line closed on 3 October 1983 following the demise of freight traffic from Wenford.

In 1984 the Bodmin Railway Preservation Society was formed, and they held their first open day at Bodmin General two years later. 1987 saw the Cornish Steam Locomotive Society move their equipment from Bugle to Bodmin.

A Light Railway Order was granted in 1989, and the following year passenger services recommenced between Bodmin General and Bodmin Road, although by now that station had been renamed "Bodmin Parkway". A new intermediate station known as Colesloggett Halt was brought into use. In 1996 the former junction line was also reopened, with another new station provided as Boscarne Junction.

38. Gillian Barge

Gillian Barge, born Gillian Bargh, (27 May 1940 – 19 November 2003) was an English stage, television and film actress.

She was born in Hastings, Sussex and she started acting at the age of 17, training at the Birmingham Theatre School.

Gillian performed on the stage internationally, as well as in Britain where she has played all the major London theatres. Her stage roles included The Cherry Orchard (as Varya), Measure For Measure (Isabella) and The Winter's Tale (Paulina). In 2001 she was nominated for a Laurence Olivier Theatre Award as Best Supporting Actress for her performance in Passion Play at the Donmar Warehouse.

In addition to her theatre work, Gillian Barge has numerous television appearances to her credit. These include guest appearances on episodes of Pie in the Sky (1996), Lovejoy (1994), Midsomer Murders (2002), One Foot in the Grave(1990), All Creatures Great and Small (1980), Van der Valk(1977) and Softly, Softly (1972). Her film credits include The National Health (1973).

Her second husband was the actor Clive Merrison. She died in 2003 of cancer, aged 63.

37. Treaty of Peace Between Japan and India

The Treaty of Peace Between Japan and India (日本国とインドとの間の平和条約) was a peace treaty signed on June 9, 1952 restoring relations between the two nations.

India, as part of the British Empire, had full diplomatic relations with Japan until end of World War II. After the war Ally Forces occupied Japan and India gained its independence on August 15, 1947. In 1951, the San Francisco Peace Conference was held with Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru refusing to attend the conference, because he considered the provisions of the San Francisco Treaty to be limiting Japanese sovereignty. After the conference, on April 28, 1952, Japan regained their sovereignty with the withdrawal of most occupational forces.

36. DVONN

A two-player strategy board game in which the objective is to accumulate pieces in stacks. It was released in 2001 by Kris Burm as the fourth game of the GIPF Project. DVONN won the 2002 International Gamers Award and the Games magazine Game of the Year Award in 2003.

DVONN is played on a board with 49 spaces. The board has a hexagonal layout 5 hexes wide. One player has 23 black pieces to play, the other player has 23 white pieces. There are also 3 neutral red pieces, called DVONN pieces.

The object of the game is to control more pieces than your opponent at the end of the game.

35. Boombox

Boombox (subtitled The Remix Album 2000–2008) is a remix album by Australian pop singer Kylie Minogue. It was released by Parlophone on 17 December 2008. The album contains remixes produced between 2000 and 2008, including a remix of the previously unreleased title track, "Boombox".

34. The Keeling Curve

The Keeling Curve is a graph that plots the ongoing change in concentration of carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere since the 1950s. It is based on continuous measurements taken at the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii that began under the supervision of Charles David Keeling. Keeling's measurements showed the first significant evidence of rapidly increasing carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere. Many scientists credit Keeling's graph with first bringing the world's attention to the current increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

Charles David Keeling, of Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego, was the first person to make frequent regular measurements of the atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration, taking readings at the South Pole and in Hawaii from 1958 onwards. According to Dr Naomi Oreskes, Professor, History of Science at Harvard University, it is one of the most important scientific works of the 20th century.

Measurements of carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere had been taken prior to the Mauna Loa measurements, but on an ad-hoc basis across a variety of locations. Guy Stewart Callendar had shown a steady increase in concentrations since the 19th century.[4] Keeling had perfected the measurement techniques and observed "strong diurnal behavior with steady values of about 310 ppm in the afternoon" at three locations: Big Sur near Monterey, rain forests of the Olympic Peninsula, and high mountain forests in Arizona. By measuring the ratio of two isotopes of carbon, Keeling attributed the diurnal change to respiration from local plants and soils, with afternoon values representative of the "free atmosphere". By 1960, Keeling and his group had determined that the measurement records from California, Antarctica, and Hawaii were long enough to see not just the diurnal and seasonal variations, but also a year-on-year increase that roughly matched the amount of fossil fuels burned per year. In the article that made him famous, Keeling observed: "at the South Pole the observed rate of increase is nearly that to be expected from the combustion of fossil fuel".

33. Upper 10

Upper 10 is a caffeine free drink lemon-lime soft drink, similar to Sprite, Sierra Mist, and Bubble Up. It was bottled by RC Cola.

The Upper 10 brand debuted in 1933 as a product of the Nehi Corporation (later Royal Crown Corporation). Upper 10 was one of RC Cola's flagship brands throughout the company's history. However, with the acquisition of RC Cola by Cadbury Schweppes plc in 2000 and subsequent folding of company operations into Dr Pepper, Inc., bottlers have gradually discontinued bottling Upper 10 in favor of the similar, more popular and non-caffeinated 7 Up (which is also owned by Dr Pepper Snapple Group).

Upper 10 is still sold outside North America by Cott Beverages, the same company that sells RC Cola internationally.

32. Wedge Island

Wedge Island is an island in the Australian state of South Australia located within the island group known as the Gambier Islands near the entrance to Spencer Gulf. It is the largest of the Gambier Islands, covers an area of about 10 square kilometres (3.9 sq mi) and is partly privately owned.

31. The Telescope (Magritte)

The Telescope (French: Le Téléscope) is a 1963 oil on canvas painting by René Magritte.

The painting depicts a window through which a partly clouded blue sky can be seen. However, the right side of the window is partially open, revealing a black background where the viewer would expect to see a continuation of the clouds and sky.

30. Trifolium arvense

Trifolium arvense , commonly known as hare's-foot clover, rabbitfoot clover, stone clover or oldfield clover, is a flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae. This species of clover is native to most of Europe, excluding the Arctic zone, and western Asia, in plain or mid-mountain habitats up to 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) altitude. It grows in dry sandy soils, both acidic and alkaline, typically found at the edge of fields, in wastelands, at the side of roads, on sand dunes, and opportunistically in vineyards and orchards when they are not irrigated.

29. Dula-Horton Cemetery

An historic family cemetery located near Grandin, Caldwell County, North Carolina. It was established in 1835, and has been the site of interments for five generations (68 members) of the extended Dula-Horton family and their Jones family kinsmen.

The cemetery was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004.

28. Alawa Language

Alawa (Galawa) is a moribund Indigenous Australian language spoken by the Alawa people of the Northern Territory. In 1991, it had 18 remaining speakers and 4 semi-speakers.

27. Dhani Harrison

Dhani Harrison [d̪ʱ əni] (born 1 August 1978) is a British multi-instrumentalist musician, composer and singer-songwriter who is the only child of George and Olivia Harrison. Harrison debuted as a professional musician assisting in recording his father's final album, Brainwashed, and completing it with the assistance of Jeff Lynne after his father's death in November 2001. (George Harrison went on to win Best Pop Instrumental Performance for the track, "Marwa Blues", at the 2004 Grammy Awards.) Harrison formed his own band, thenewno2, in 2002 and has performed at some of the world's most prestigious festivals including Coachella where Spin magazine dubbed their performance as one of the "best debut performance of the festival." The band also played Lollapalooza three times with Harrison joining the festival's founder Perry Farrell on a cover of The Velvet Underground's "Sweet Jane" at 2010's event. In 2017 Harrison announced he would be playing his first-ever solo shows at the Panorama Festival in New York City.

In 2013 Harrison was the face of Gap's fall global campaign, entitled "Back To Blue."[4] In the same year Harrison launched his career as a composer, contributing to the score of the Warner Bros. movie Beautiful Creatures. Harrison has gone on to score the music for the TV show Good Girls Revolt, AMC's The Divide, Seattle Road, Learning to Drive, and, most recently, for the Paul Giamatti-produced show Outsiders.

Harrison released his first solo album, In Parallel, in October 2017.

Harrison's music collaborations span a diverse range of genres that have seen him tour with Eric Clapton, appear on the Wu-Tang Clan track "The Heart Gently Weeps", a reworking of The Beatles song "While My Guitar Gently Weeps", and joining Pearl Jam live on stage several times over the years. One of Harrison's notable collaborations was in 2004 at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, where he appeared alongside Tom Petty, Jeff Lynne, and Prince on "While My Guitar Gently Weeps", which was performed to mark the posthumous induction of his father.

Harrison's dedication to his father's musical legacy resulted in a week long run of shows on Conan dedicated to George Harrison, which culminated in a sold out George Fest event at The Fonda Theatre in Los Angeles, which was later released as an album and documentary.

Harrison is named after the 6th and 7th notes of the Indian music scale, dha and ni. Dhani is also a raga in north Indian classical music. His first name is usually pronounced in English as "Danny."

26. Corpsicle

Corpsicle is a term that has been used in science fiction to refer to a corpse that has been cryonically cryopreserved. It is a portmanteau of "corpse" and "popsicle".

Its earliest printed usage in the current form dates from 1969 in science fiction author Fred Pohl's book The Age of the Pussyfoot, in which a corpsicle is referred to as "a zombie frozen in Alaska." The previous spelling, "corpse-sicle", also attributed to Pohl, appeared in the essay Immortality Through Freezing, published in the August 1966 issue of Worlds of Tomorrow.

25. Project Socrates

Project Socrates was a classified U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency program established in 1983 within the Reagan administration. It was founded and directed by physicist Michael C. Sekora to determine why the United States was unable to maintain economic competitiveness—and to rectify the situation.

According to Project Socrates:

[B]ird’s eye view of competition went far beyond, in terms of scope and completeness, the extremely narrow slices of data that were available to the professors, professional economists, and consultants that addressed the issue of competitiveness. The conclusions that the Socrates team derived about competitiveness in general and about the U.S. in particular were in almost all cases in direct opposition to what the professors, economists and consultants had been saying for years, and to what had been accepted as irrefutable underlying truths by decision-makers throughout the U.S.

When Reagan's presidential term ended and the Bush administration came to the White House, Project Socrates was labeled as "industrial policy", and began to fall from favor. As a result, in April 1990, the program was defunded.

24: Tees Transporter Bridge

The Tees Transporter Bridge, often referred to as the Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge is the furthest downstream bridge across the River Tees, England. It connects Middlesbrough, on the south bank, to Port Clarence, on the north bank. It is a transporter bridge, carrying a travelling 'car', or 'gondola', suspended from the bridge, across the river in 90 seconds. The gondola can carry 200 people, 9 cars, or 6 cars and one minibus. It carries the A178 Middlesbrough to Hartlepool road. Locally the bridge is often referred to simply as 'the Transporter'.

23. Villmark

A 2003 Norwegian thriller/horror film. It was nominated for an Amanda award in the categories of best film and best actor (Kristoffer Joner). The tagline of the film, "De skulle holdt seg unna det vannet", translates to "They should've stayed away from that lake".

The film was seen by over 150,000 Norwegians when it first premiered, and could be said to have re-introduced the thriller genre back into Norwegian film.

22. ULTRA AP

A concept combat vehicle that was unveiled in September 2005 by the Georgia Tech Research Institute, the applied research arm of the Georgia Institute of Technology, under contract from the Office of Naval Research. This was followed in 2009 with the ULTRA II, which was more focused on further developing the crew compartment.

The Ultra AP was reviewed in Rolling Stone magazine, Fortune Magazine, USA Today, and Car and Driver magazine among many other publications. Currently, the U.S. military and the Department of Defense are in the process of replacing the HMMWV or Humvee, because they are being fielded in situations they were not designed for, such as taking on small arms fire, rocket propelled grenades, and improvised explosive devices. The Ultra AP is a concept vehicle, and is not part of the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle program to replace the Humvee.

21. HMS Tilbury

A 60-gun fourth-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built at Chatham Dockyard to the dimensions of the 1719 Establishment, and launched on 2 June 1733.

The Tilbury was part of Vice-Admiral Edward Vernon's fleet and took part in the expedition to Cartagena de Indias during the War of Jenkins' Ear.

Tilbury was accidentally burnt in 1742

20. Dudle

A village in the municipality of Konjic, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

19. Dew's Ponds

A 6.7 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) south of Halesworth in Suffolk. It is a Special Area of Conservation.

This site has a variety of types of grassland, hedges and ditches, on chalk overlain by boulder clay. However, it has been designated an SSSI primarily because it has twelve ponds with one of the largest breeding populations of great crested newts in Britain. There are also grass snakes, smooth newts and slowworms.

The site is private land with no public access.

18. Armand Nicolet

A Swiss luxury watch manufacturer located in Tramelan, a mountain village in the Bernese Jura. Its history dates to its foundation in 1875.

17. Beach Cops

An Australian factual television series produced by and screened on the Seven Network. The series is filmed on the Northern Beaches of Sydney and follows the New South Wales Police Force operating in the local area while performing their duties.

The program is narrated by Layne Beachley. Northern Beaches local area commander Superintendent Dave Darcy had veto power over content in the series. This series follows on from other observational documentary series featuring police on the Seven Network such as The Force: Behind The Line and Highway Patrol.

16. Mediterranean Pine Vole

A species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is found in France, Andorra, Portugal, and Spain where it lives in a network of shallow tunnels.

It has a head and body length of 3.5 to 4.25 inches (89 to 108 mm) and a short tail measuring 0.75 to 1.75 inches (19 to 44 mm). It weighs approximately 1 ounce (28 g). The head is broad, the ears small and the eyes medium-sized. The fur is soft and dense, the upperparts being yellowish grey-brown and the underparts somewhat paler. Young animals are rather more grey.

15. Polyptych of Miglionico

A large, multicompartment Renaissance-style altarpiece painted in 1499 by Cima da Conegliano and now housed in the church of Santa Maria Maggiore in the town of Miglionico, province of Matera, Basilicata, Italy.

The large altarpiece consists of 18 wooden panels painted with tempera and oil in a style pioneered by Giovanni Bellini. In the center of the work is an Enthroned Madonna with Child. To the left of the center panel is a standing St Francis of Assisi and St Jerome. To the right, St Peter and St Antony of Padua. Above are half-busts of St Clare, St Louis of Toulouse, St Bernardino of Siena, and St Catherine of Alexandria. Atop the piece is a Christ with an Annunciation. In the base are a series of Franciscan proto-martyrs. The central panel with a nativity scene is missing.

The work was originally present in a Franciscan structure in the Veneto, but acquired in 1598 by the Archbishop Marcantonio Mazzone. The center panel is signed by a JOANES BAPTISTA, which in 1907, along with the stylistic elements, led Martin Wackernagel to attribute the work to Giovanni Battista Cima da Conegliano.

14. Susan Spencer-Churchill

Susan Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (10 April 1767 – 2 April 1841), formerly Lady Susan Stewart, was the wife of George Spencer-Churchill, 5th Duke of Marlborough.

Lady Susan Stewart was the daughter of John Stewart, 7th Earl of Galloway, and his second wife, the former Anne Dashwood. She married the future duke on 15 September 1791, when he was styled Marquess of Blandford. They were married at her father's house in St James's Square, London, by the Archbishop of Canterbury, John Moore.

In 1817 the marquess inherited the dukedom from his father, George Spencer, 4th Duke of Marlborough, at which point his wife became Duchess of Marlborough.

The duchess died at her house in Park Lane, London, aged 73. In the previous year two of her sons, Charles and Henry John, had died, along with Charles's wife and her husband the duke himself. She was buried in the chapel of Blenheim Palace.

13. Spiny Giant Frog

A species of frog in the Eleutherodactylidae family. It is endemic to Hispaniola and known from the Massif de la Hotte, Massif de la Selle, and Sierra de Baoruco, occurring in both the Dominican Republic and Haiti. It is named after James W. Norton who accompanied Albert Schwartz in his 1974 expedition to Hispaniola and collected the holotype.


12. Oranjewoud

A small village in the Netherlands. It is located in the municipality of Heerenveen, Friesland. Oranjewoud had a population of 1570 in January 2017. It is known for Oranjewoud Palace.

Oranjewoud Palace was built for the royal family. In 1676 Countess Albertine Agnes of Nassau bought a country seat in the woods as a buitenplaats or summer residence. She was a Princess of Orange, and a widow of the Frisian Stadtholder Willem Frederik of Nassau-Dietz.

After her death, her daughter Princess Henriëtte Amalia of Anhalt-Dessau owned the palace. Her architect Daniel Marot, known for Het Loo Palace, designed a new palace. Two wings were built, but the central building was never built.

After Princess Henriëtte's death, John William Friso, Prince of Orange lived in the palace. He died very early, and his wife, Landgravine Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel stayed at Oranjewoud after his death. Until 1747 the palace was often visited by the stadhouders. At that time William IV, Prince of Orange lived in Oranjewoud. William V, Prince of Orange visited the palace one last time in 1777.

Beside Oranjewoud Palace the royal family had another residence called Carolineburg. This was a small castle. Probably it was named after Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau, who lived there. In 1774 it was demolished.

During the French Revolution the palace was demolished and the estate was sold to the Frisian nobility.

One of them was Hans Willem de Blocq van Scheltinga. In 1834 he built a new buitenplaats on the previously royal estate called Oranjewoud, after Oranjewoud Palace. This new buitenplaats was not longer owned by the royal family. It was occasionally visited by members of the royal family. King William I of the Netherlands, King William III of the Netherlands and Queen Juliana of the Netherlands all stayed at Oranjewoud.

Prince Henry of the Netherlands, Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands and Prince Claus of the Netherlands visited the buitenplaats as well. Later, the buitenplaats is owned by the Friesland Bank. now it is owned by the Bopper Fryslan Foundation.

11. Egerton Collection

The Egerton Collection is a collection of historical manuscripts held in the British Library. The core of the collection comprises 67 manuscripts bequeathed to the British Museum in 1829 by Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater, along with £12,000 (the Bridgewater fund). To this sum a further £3000 (the Farnborough Fund) was added in 1838 by Egerton's cousin, Charles Long, 1st Baron Farnborough. The income from the bequests is devoted to the purchase of further manuscripts, which are added to the original collection. This means that the Egerton series, unlike most other named series of manuscripts held by the Library, remains open to new accessions.

10. John Pople

Sir John Anthony Pople, KBE FRS (31 October 1925 – 15 March 2004) was a British theoretical chemist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Walter Kohn in 1998 for his development of computational methods in quantum chemistry.

After obtaining his PhD, he was a research fellow at Trinity College, Cambridge and then from 1954 a lecturer in the mathematics faculty at Cambridge. In 1958, he moved to the National Physical Laboratory, near London as head of the new basics physics division. He moved to the United States of America in 1964, where he lived the rest of his life, though he retained British citizenship. Pople considered himself more of a mathematician than a chemist, but theoretical chemists consider him one of the most important of their number. In 1964 he moved to Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where he had experienced a sabbatical in 1961 to 1962. In 1993 he moved to Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois where he was Trustees Professor of Chemistry until his death.

Pople received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1998. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1961. He was made a Knight Commander (KBE) of the Order of the British Empire in 2003. He was a founding member of the International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science.

An IT room and a scholarship are named after him at Bristol Grammar School, as is a supercomputer at the Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center.

9. 9th Bomb Squadron

A squadron of the United States Air Force. It is assigned to the 7th Operations Group, Global Strike Command, stationed at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas. The squadron is equipped with the B-1B Lancer bomber.

Formed in June 1917, the 9 BS is the oldest bomb squadron in the Air Force. During World War I, the squadron was the first American night reconnaissance squadron to be organized. Later, it served with the Army Air Service and Army Air Corps in the Inter-War period and then served in Australia, Egypt and India during World War II. A part of Strategic Air Command during the Cold War, today the squadron is engaged as part of the Global War on Terrorism.

8. Ellis River

A 23-mile-long (37 km) river in Oxford County in western Maine. It is a tributary of the Androscoggin River.

The river begins at the outlet of Ellis Pond in the northwest corner of Roxbury and flows southwest via a meandering course into Andover, passing the village of East Andover before turning more to the southeast near South Andover. The river enters the corporate limits of Rumford and joins the Androscoggin at the village of Rumford Point.

From South Andover to the river's mouth, the Ellis River is followed by Maine State Route 5. U.S. Route 2 crosses the river just above its outlet to the Androscoggin.

7. The Power Sword

A fictional sword from the Masters of the Universe toyline, sometimes also referred to as the Sword of Power and the Sword of Grayskull. It started out as a mystical object in the early stories, in which Skeletor tries to obtain both halves and put them together in order to gain control over Castle Grayskull, while He-Man's role is to stop him by using more regular weapons such as an axe and a shield.

With the arrival of the He-Man and the Masters of the Universe animated series, the Power Sword became the means by which Prince Adam transforms into He-Man. The weapon kept the same basic shape during most of the 1980s, but then it was radically redesigned twice: for The New Adventures of He-Man as well as the 2002 remake of He-Man and the Masters of the Universe.

6. Petrophila laurentialis

A moth in the family Crambidae. It was described by Schaus in 1924. It is found in the north Saharan Desert.

5. Wayne Robbins

Windom Wayne Robbins (July 22, 1914 – January 18, 1958) was an American author of horror and weird fiction. His work was primarily published in the Popular Publications catalog of weird menace pulp fiction. His first published short story was Horror's Holiday Special in the July 1939 issue of Dime Mystery Magazine.

Robert Kenneth Jones reported that Robbins "excelled in explosive chaos," and remarked on his "credible" speculative fiction, namely Test Tube Frankenstein, from the May 1940 issue of Terror Tales, a tale of biological mimicry along the lines of Don A. Stuart's Who Goes There?. Test Tube Frankenstein is featured in Sheldon Jaffery's anthology Sensuous Science Fiction of the Weird and Spicy Pulps, where it is offered as his prime example: "one of the best of its kind to be published."

Weird menace stories often dealt with conventional themes required by the publisher, themes in which an author might specialize. Stories involving "Inescapable Doom" were supplied by Donald Dale (Mary Dale Buckner); Mindret Lord handled the "Woman Without Volition"; Ray Cummings delivered stories about the "Girl Obsessed"; and many of Wayne Robbins' stories portrayed the "Man Obsessed," and a subsequent descent into madness.

4. Bounce Music

An energetic style of New Orleans hip hop music which is said to have originated as early as the late 1980s. Bounce is characterized by call-and-response-style party and Mardi Gras Indian chants and dance call-outs that are frequently hypersexual. These chants and call-outs are typically sung over the "Triggerman beat" which is sampled from the songs "Drag Rap" by the Showboys, "Brown Beat" by Cameron Paul, "Gin In My System" by Big Freedia, and also Derek B's "Rock The Beat". The sound of bounce has primarily been shaped by the recycling and imitation of the "Drag Rap" sample: its opening chromatic tics, the intermittent shouting of the word "break," the use of whistling as an instrumental element (as occurs in the bridge), the vocoded "drag rap" vocal and its brief and repetitive melody and quick beat (which were produced with use of synthesizers and drum machines and are easily sampled or reproduced using like-sounding elements). Typical of bounce music is the "shouting out" of or acknowledgment of geographical areas, neighborhoods and housing projects, particularly of the New Orleans area.

3. Wasi

An American punk/pop band fronted by Jessie Meehan (vocals), (bass guitar), (synthesizer) and Merilou Salazar (vocals), (guitar), (synthesizer). They combine their influences of social conscious lyrics, alternative hip hop production and infectious pop melodies to create their self defined genre: riot pop.

2. Shimoa Hunan Centre

A supertall skyscraper under construction in Changsha, Hunan, China. It will be 347 metres (1,138.5 ft) tall. Construction started in 2014 and is expected to be completed in 2018.

1. George Claessen

A Sri Lankan artist and poet whose art was characterised by his mystical outlook and beliefs. He was a founding member of the Colombo '43 Group. Claessen was born in Colombo and was a largely self-taught artist who began to paint professionally when, aged 29, he joined the Colombo Port Commission as a draughtsman. In 1943 Claessen was among the founding members of the Colombo '43 Group, who embranced modern European artistic forms over traditional Sri Lankan forms. During World War II the War Artists' Advisory Committee acquired a work by Claessen under a scheme for artworks by colonial artists. Claessen's painting was displayed at the National Gallery in 1945.